les science est tres cool to Rosie, , Beccy on 12 Jun 2017.
We are susceptible to the same diseases as people who live elsewhere but we have a lot of advantages.
Firstly we have the NHS. That means that everyone, even poor people, can go to the doctor or hospital without worrying how much it will cost them. (Of course, the NHS costs money, but we all collectively pay taxes so everyone pays in while we work so that it’s there when we need it.)
We also have vaccination programmes which means that you aren’t likely to get polio or measles (although there is still measles transmission in the UK because some people don’t get vaccinated). We also don’t have certain mosquitoes that spread certain viruses. The Aedes aegypti mosquito spreads dengue virus and Zika virus. It’s too cold here for Ades aegypti so we don’t have to worry about that.
But some diseases are very hard to stop – influenza for example. It is highly infectious and it is respiratorily transmitted (from people coughing out droplets with virus in them) and so it is very hard to stop. There is flu vaccine but the flu virus changes so rapidly that sometimes serious flu strains aren’t stopped by the flu vaccine for a particular year.
Ebola is dangerous as an infection anywhere, but we don’t have the bats that carry the virus so the only way that we can have Ebola in the UK is if someone catches it in an affected country (such as in West Africa in 2014) and comes into the UK infected. This happened with some healthcare workers but they were carefully monitored when returning from Ebola-affected areas to make sure they didn’t cause outbreaks in the UK.